Training for Industry 4.0: a systematic literature review and directions for future research


  • Gustavo Tietz Cazeri University of Campinas – UNICAMP, School of Mechanical Engineering, Campinas, SP, Brazil.
  • Luis Antonio de Santa-Eulalia, Ph.D. Université de Sherbrooke, Business School, Sherbrooke, Canada.
  • Milena Pavan Serafim University of Campinas – UNICAMP, School of Applied Science, Limeira, SP, Brazil.
  • Rosley Anholon University of Campinas – UNICAMP, School of Mechanical Engineering, Campinas, SP, Brazil.



Industry 4.0, Training, Human Resource Management, Knowledge Transfer


Goal: This study aims to identify, synthesize and classify the main features explored by current research encompassing training for Industry 4.0 and propose directions for future research.

Design / Methodology / Approach: The methodological procedure was oriented by a systematic literature review (PRISMA) methodology and followed by content analysis. After a review of academic databases, 78 papers dealing with training for Industry 4.0 were included and classified based on topics related to the science of training and Industry 4.0.

Results: Most of the studies in training for Industry 4.0 are oriented to undergraduate and graduate students (in an educational approach) or industrial employees (in an enterprise approach) and, in general, they explore technical, technological, and human oriented subjects. There is a lack concerning studies targeting managers who deal with Industry 4.0 and few studies consider content related to Industry 4.0 impact on business models, sustainability, corporate social responsibility, and other related concepts.

Limitations of the investigation: The main limitation is related to the database selection criteria. Search in non-indexed databases, book chapters, and non-English language are not included in this study.

Practical Implications: The findings presented in this paper are relevant for researchers and academics as they can serve as a guide for future research work. Consultants, professionals, and trainers can enhance their courses by including currently less explored content or target audiences.

Originality/Value: No similar papers were found in scientific databases and this reinforces this manuscript's originality and contribution.


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Author Biographies

Gustavo Tietz Cazeri, University of Campinas – UNICAMP, School of Mechanical Engineering, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Gustavo Tietz Cazeri holds B.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering at São Paulo State University (UNESP), M.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering at University of Campinas (UNICAMP) and currently is a PhD candidate at University of Campinas (UNICAMP). He is a researcher at the Engineering and Management Education Research Laboratory (LaPE2G - Brazil) and (Canada) research group.

Luis Antonio de Santa-Eulalia, Ph.D., Université de Sherbrooke, Business School, Sherbrooke, Canada.

Luis Antonio de Santa-Eulalia is an Associate Professor in Operations Management at the École de gestion, Université de Sherbrooke. He holds a PhD, a MSc and a BSc in Industrial Engineering, respectively from Université Laval, University of São Paulo and Federal University of São Carlos. Luis is a researcher from the Createch Research Center on Intelligent Organizations and cofounder of the IntelliLab, a research group dedicated to the 4th Industrial Revolution and Digital Transformation. He has coauthored more than 150 articles published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at conferences with selective editorial policies. His current research interests are related to emergent technologies and novel business models and practices for innovative and sustainable Operations and Supply Chain Management.

Milena Pavan Serafim, University of Campinas – UNICAMP, School of Applied Science, Limeira, SP, Brazil.

Milena Pavan Serafim is currently professor of Public Administration, School of Applied Sciences - University of Campinas (UNICAMP). She holds B.Sc. at São Paulo State University (UNESP), M.Sc. and PhD at University of Campinas (UNICAMP). She is a researcher at the Public Sector Studies Laboratory (LESP) and the Innovation Policy Analysis Group (GAPI).

Rosley Anholon, University of Campinas – UNICAMP, School of Mechanical Engineering, Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Rosley Anholon is professor at University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. He has experience in Sustainable Management System,  Education for Sustainable Development and topics related to business management. He holds B.Sc., M.Sc, PhD at University of Campinas and has more than 70 publications in international journals. Currently, he carries out research in partnership with other research groups in Brazil, Germany, Canada and the United Kingdom.


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How to Cite

Cazeri, G. T., Santa-Eulália, L. A. de, Serafim, M. P., & Anholon, R. (2022). Training for Industry 4.0: a systematic literature review and directions for future research. Brazilian Journal of Operations & Production Management, 19(3), 1–19.



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