SAMU ambulance positioning using MALP model
Keywords:Facility Location, Emergency Services, Integer Programming, Ambulance Positioning.
One of the constitutional principles of the public health care system in Brazil is universality, which turns health into a fundamental right and ensures that all citizens shall have access to health service whenever required. The purpose of this study is to assess the positioning of ambulances in Duque de Caxias-RJ, and find new arrangements to maximize the covered population. The configuration of a network that provides such service is indeed significant since small deviations may lead to users’ death. Therefore, four scenarios were built in order to represent different network arrangements, according to the manager’s strategy or the budget limitations of the city. An Integer Programming model for servers’ positioning was used in each scenario. Indicators such as percentage of coverage population and total cost were then used to compare and choose the best solution. Results have shown that the current coverage could be doubled by just relocating facilities that already exist, without adding any costs. It is important to notice that this solution is rather different from the current positioning.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors must have a written permission from any third-party materials used in the article, such as figures and graphics. The permission must explicitly allow authors to use the materials. The permission should be submitted with the article, as a supplementary file.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after BJO&PM publishes it (See The Effect of Open Access).